Finasteride (Proscar, Propecia)
Propecia is a licensed medicine for the treatment of men with male pattern baldness (androgenetic alopecia) to increase hair growth and prevent further hair loss. Propecia is not licensed for use in women, however, numerous studies had show results in women too.
Propecia works in the scalp affecting the conversion of testosterone to DHT, a chemical naturally occurring in the male scalp. When the level of DHT goes above a certain level, some of the hair follicles in the scalp hibernate and the hair fall out.
Propecia inhibits the production of DHT, which in most men bring the level below the hair growth threshold. As long as the patient is taking Propecia, the level remains reduced and the hair loss is reduced or stopped. In some cases, some of the hair even grows back.
Propecia has been studied in several tests including a 5 year clinical study which gave the following results. 90% of participants saw a visible improvement divided into 48% who saw regrowth of hair and 42% who saw no further hair loss. This is compared to 25% in a placebo control group.In the first year of the study 86% experienced visibly more hair.
According to the clinical studies, Propecia showed very few side effects that too very rarely and did not affect most men.
A small number of men had sexual side effects, with each happening in less than 2% of men. These include less desire for sex, difficulty in achieving an erection, and a decrease in the amount of semen. These side effects were reversible in nature and went away in men who stopped taking Propecia because of these side effects. In addition, these side effects decreased to 0.3% of men or less by the fifth year of treatment.
In common use, the following mild and less serious side effects have been reported: allergic reactions including rash, itching, hives, and swelling of the lips and face; problems with ejaculation; breast tenderness and enlargement; and testicular pain. You should promptly report to your doctor any changes in your breasts such as lumps, pain, or nipple discharge. Tell your doctor about these or any other side effects you experience.
Propecia is as such a very safe and effective drug, but you have to be very careful before you take it. Like all prescription medicines, Propecia also has side effects but they are mild and negligible.So don’t let baldness be a part of you.