Which doctors diagnose hair loss?
We can’t stress enough the importance of a proper diagnostic of your hair loss. If you are losing more hair than you think is normal, you might be suffering from some form of alopecia. But, as you can see here, there are so many possible cause for balding, that specialized help is paramount. If you notice the hair falling out suddenly or in clumps, patchy hair loss, red scalp or flaky scalp areas, loss of hair in different parts of the body, it is time to visit a medical specialist. The first type of physician who will pinpoint what causes your hair fall and can offer you a treatment and other options is a dermatologist and you can take it from there.
How to diagnose hair loss?
Because so many things can cause hair loss, the dermatologist will examine the problematic area and may ask some questions:
- whether the hair loss happened suddenly or gradually
- what medicines or other substances you take
- what allergies you have
- if you have been dieting.
- women may be asked about their periods, pregnancies, and menopause.
During examination, the dermatologist may test the hair using the following methods:
- Densitometry – a technique that analyzes the scalp under magnification to mesure hair density, hair scalp diameter, give informations about follicular unit composition and degree of miniaturization of scalp hairs. Measuring parameters from different parts of the scalp is helpful and it can be used to predict future hair loss.
- Hair-pull – the physician grabs with his fingers a clump of 20-30 hairs and gently pulls on them. If five or more come out then the increased shedding may be associated with telogen effluvium, a reversible type of female hair loss determined by stress (during dificult situations, pregnancy, program changing, drug reactions, etc). Telogen effluvium usually occurs 2-3 months after a stressful event and affects 35-50% of one’s hair. Over 300 club hairs (telogen hairs that have rounded ends) may be shed per day.
- Hair pluck – using a clamp 20 to 30 hairs are forcibly plucked from the scalp. Afterwards the hair bulbs are examined under a microscope and the physician observe the ratio of anagen (growing) hairs to telogen (resting) hairs. If less then 80% of the follicles are in the anagen stage, this would suggest telogen effluvium. Other abnormalities of the hair shaft can be also observed, which may explain hair breakage and poor growth.
A dermatologist may also need to look at the hair on the rest of the body to see whether there is too little or too much hair in other areas.
Other test may be ordered to screen for underlying medical conditions: skin biopsies, blood tests, different hormones levels, etc.
Finally, the baldness of the pacient can be classified in one of the classes of patterned hair loss: for men – the Norwood Classification, and for women the Ludwig classification. This helps determine treatment directions and, if the option for a hair transplant is acceptable and possible, it can aid the hair surgeon in planning the hair transplant in a realistic way.